Barcelona is a professional football club based in Barcelona, Spain. The club plays in La Liga which is the top professional football division of the Spanish football league system for men.
Barcelona club history goes back to 22 October 1899, with the name Foot-Ball Club Barcelona. The club was founded by a group of Swiss, Spanish, Catalan, and English footballers. The leader of this group was Joan Gamaper, who was a Swiss football pioneer and club president.
On the mentioned day he posted a note in the local newspaper and invited everyone to join in the creation of a football club with him. Only eleven people responded to the note, but one month later on 29 November 1899, the legendary club FC Barcelona was formed.
Barca is the fourth-most precious sports club in the world, it is worth $4.06 billion. Also, it is the world’s richest team in terms of income, with the annual revenue of €840, 8 million. Barcelona’s official anthem song is “Cant del Barça”, written by Jaume Picas and Josep Maria Espinàs.
Barcelona’s official journey started in 1902 when they lost in the final of Copa del Rey to Bizcaya. After not winning any competition since then, Joan Gamper said, “Barcelona cannot die and must not die. If there is nobody who is going to try, then I will assume the responsibility of running the club from now on.”
They didn’t give up and practiced enough to win back the competition eight times between the years 1909 and 1928. The current ground for the team is Camp Nou which has been the same for over 60 years.
At the start of every season, every eager Barcelona fan is looking forward to getting their hands on the newly launched Barcelona kit, to wear and collect. But where does the Barcelona jersey history start from? Keep on reading to find more about FC Barcelona kit history and Barcelona shirt sponsor history.
One of the frequently asked questions in the field of FC Barcelona history or better say in FC Barcelona kit history is that: Was the team’s kit always the way it is now?
Well technically, the traditional jersey was vertical stripes of dark shades of blue and red which gave them the nickname Blaugrana. In Catalan, Blaugrana means Blue and Deep Red.
There are so many believes about the reason behind the club’s color selection for the jerseys in the FC Barcelona kit history. One assumption is that Joan Gramper used his previous club, Basel FC, who wore the same blue and deep red colors.
Another is that when the board members of the club gathered around at Gimnasio Solé on 29 November 1899, one of the members had a pencil which was blue at one end and red at the other and when they were deciding on the club colors, the idea stuck.
Another exciting theory about the colors in Barcelona jersey history is based on English influence on the Spanish club. Two of the early players of Barca were English brothers, Ernest and Artur Witty.
They used to go to the Merchant Taylor’s School in Lancashire which its rugby team colors were blue and deep red. Based on Jimmy Burns’ Barça: A People’s Passion, few days before Barcelona’s first game, one of them went back to England and he came back with souvenirs for the whole team, Merchant Taylor’s rugby jersey.
Therefore, the first game was played in Blaugrana rugby kit, since then, every kit of the Barcelona’s history was produced with the same colors.
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Now that we reviewed Barcelona jersey history, it’s time for learning about Barcelona shirt sponsor history.
Sponsorship for clubs are a means of income and a matter of importance but Barca seem not to care about the sponsors.
Even though many clubs had already many sponsors, Barca only had a small logo of a local non-profit Catalan TV channel named TV3 on its shirt’s sleeve. In addition to sponsors, every club needs kit-suppliers which Barca didn’t have any until 1982.
That year, FC Barcelona kits were branded by Meyba. The Meyba kit were used unitl 1992 when an Italian sportwear brand named Kappa were selected. After only 6 years, in 1998, Kappa was replaced by Nike, which is still the supplier of the club to this day with a great deal of 155 million euros a year until 2023.
The members, however, have the option to choose to extend the deal for 5 more years until 2028.
In 2006, the club started printing the word “UNICEF” on its team’s kits. It was actually the club itself who paid UNICEF for using their name. It was just a charity or better to say, reversed sponsorship. Donating $1.5 million every year to the charity was a true act of goodwill and generosity.
In 2011, however, the sponsor free period broke and the charity’s name was moved to the back of the clothes as Barca still paid them every year. The club increased the donation to the organization up to $2.1 million per season.
Barcelona shirt sponsor history officially started in 2011, when the club signed a profitable deal with Qatar Foundation to earn more money, after relegating UNICEF to the back of the shirts. From 2013 until 2017 however, the sponsor changed to Qatar Airways.
Throughout all these years, Barca had changed many kits and this time after having a sponsor they did the same for 2012-13 season.
In the 2013-14 season, for the first time in Barcelona club history, they unveiled a kit using the red and yellow stripes of the Catalan flag for the Barcelona away jersey. In the same season, a Turkish appliance company, Beko, replaced the TV3 logo on the left sleeve.
The ‘Senyera flag’ stayed in the kit until 2016-17 season. In 2017, Barcelona signed an enormous deal with Rakuten, a Japanese electronic commerce company which is now on the front of the jerseys. For the 2020-21 season, Barca has chosen its traditional colors and style, the vertical stripes of deep red and blue.
Its away kit is in black with gold letterings and crest and the third kit is light pink with green and black letterings and logo. The home kit for goalkeepers is in neon green and the away kit stays in the same line as the home kit of other players, deep red with fingerprint patters and plain sleeves.
The history of Barcelona football club doesn’t end here, there’s much more to it that you would want to know. Keep on reading to find them out.
Throughout the years, the club has had many varieties of the same logo. The most fundamental and of course the most spectacular logo belongs to the year 1910.
The initial logo was conveniently taken from the Barcelona city’s coat of arms. It was surrounded in a circle by a laurel and a palm branch and topped with a bat. The coat of arms is basically consisted of a crown, the Saint George Cross and the Senyera flag.
In 1910, a competition was held among the board members and a design made by the player of the time, Carles Comamala was chosen.
He played for the team from 1903 until 1912, he also was a medical student. According to the official website of the club, the crest has changed through the years only aesthetically, “The top quarters contain the St. George’s Cross, representing the patron saint of Catalonia and which is also present in the coat of arms of the city of Barcelona, and the Catalan flag. The bottom quarters contain the colors of the Club and a ball, which is central to the crest and the BARÇA style of play.”
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There’s an interesting fact about the FC Barcelona logo history to know. The upper right side of the flag as we mentioned is the flag of Catalunya. The four red stripes in the logo -except the years 1939 until 1949- is said to be the four bloody fingers of the king Charles the Bald on Wilfred I the Hairy’s golden shield. Interesting right? Well, the mind-blowing part is yet to come.
If you look closely at the logos from 1939-1949 you can see the red stripes on yellow is reduced to two. That’s because of political issues! Francisco Franco, Spain’s dictator who was anti-Catalan made the club change the Catalunya flag in the logo.
He even made them change the name of the club into something not Catalan, like CFB, Club de Fútbol which is Spanish. Who would change the name of a football club or any other sports club for political reasons? Barcelona got its other two stripes back in 1949, at its 50th anniversary.
After all the changes and simplifying the crest over the years, the current version of the logo which was designed in 2002 by Claret Serrahima, is the most minimalist and cleanest version of them all. There you have it, a bit of FC Barcelona logo history for you to show off to your Barca-fan friends with.
There’s no way of talking about the history of Barcelona football club and not to talk about FC Barcelona trophy history.
Barcelona is one of the most influencing clubs of all time not just in the Champions league but also domestically and in European competitions. First section of FC Barcelona trophy history to explore is the league trophies.
Barca has won 74 trophies in National titles which is record itself: 26 La Liga, 13 Supercopa de España, 30 Copa del Rey, 3 Copa Eva Duarte and 2 Copa de la Liga. The club is the record holder for the latter four competitions.
The first participation of the club in La Liga was from 1928-29 season which they won the title in with a total of 25 points. From 1936 up to 1939, La Liga tournaments were cancelled due to the Spanish civil war.
In the case of international clubs, the European tournaments, the club is very successful among other clubs. It has won a total of 22 titles, 8 of which has been approved by FIFA: 5 UEFA Champions League titles, 4 UEFA Cup Winners’ Cup which they hold a record for, a 5 UEFA Super Cup, 3 FIFA Club World Cup, a joint-record 2 Latin Cup and 3 Inter-Cities Fairs Cup.
Real Madrid, all-time rival of FC Barcelona, is the record holder for FIFA Club World Cup with 4 trophies. Barcelona is second in the UEFA club rankings behind Bayern Munich, Real Madrid is also in 4th position.
During the FC Barcelona champions league history the club has won the Catalan Championship a record 23 times. One Copa Macaya in 1902, One Copa Barcelona in 1903, and 21 Campionat de Catalunya from 1904 until 1937.
The club has a record one win of Liga Catalana from 1937-38 season, 8 Catalan Cup records from 1990 until 2015 and 2 record Supercopa de Catalunya wins in 2014 and 2018. The club has won an additional 86 trophies in miscellaneous categories.
Other than FC Barcelona trophy history and FC Barcelona champions league history, each player holds an individual honor for himself.
12 Ballon d’Or awards have been presented to Barcelona players, as well as a record number 7 FIFA World Player of the Year. The 7 winners of the title include Ronaldo, Romário, Ronaldinho, and Rivaldo.
Xavi is first ranking in the list of most plays for the club. He is a Spanish football manager and former footballer. He played for Barcelona from 1998 to 2015 with a total of 767 appearances for the club.
However, Lionel Messi the Argentine professional player of Barcelona is in the second place with very close number to Xavi’s. Messi has made 743 appearances from 2004 onward. He is most probable to break Xavi’s record in a very short amount of time.
Lionel Messi is first in top list of goal scorers of the club far from anyone else. He has scored a total of 641 official goals. The next person on the list is Cesar Rodriguez with only 232 goals.
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In the FC Barcelona champions league history, no one has been more successful than Messi. He has the greatest number of appearances in the international matches too. The total number is 126 of plays.
In Copa del Rey’s greatest number of goals, however, Messi is not the first. Josep Samitier, the former Spanish footballer is first with 65 goals prior to Lionel Messi with 53 goals. Lionel Messi is the player with most trophies won.
He has won a total of 34 trophies including 10 Spanish League trophies and 4 UEFA Champions league trophies alongside Xavi and Andres Iniesta. Now that we’re done with the FC Barcelona trophy history it’s time to focus on what made the club so successful to earn that many titles and trophies. In the following section, we will discuss why the club hasn’t failed in the FC Barcelona coach history.
The current President of the club is Carlos Tusquets who has been in office since 27 October, 2020. The first vice president and director of the Barça foundation is Jordi Cardoner. The vice president for economic and equity and responsible for 'Espai Barça' is Jordi Moix. Pau Vilanova has been elected for institutional vice president. The vice president of the commercial area is said to be Oriol Tomàs.
Javier Bordas is said to be the director responsible for the ffotball first team. The board member responsible for the women's team, Barça B and youth football is Xavier Vilajoana. The Secretary, Treasurer, and the Board members are in order Marta Plan, David Bellver, and Dídac Lee.
The board of directors are all Spanish. But the current head coach and the assistant coach, Ronald Koeman and Alfred Schreuder, are both Dutch. Koeman signed a two-year contract until 30 June 2022 as the new manager and head coach of the club on 19 August 2020. These were the current facts about the coaches but what about the FC Barcelona coach history?
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Gamper-the founder of the club- was deported from Spain under political issues on 24 June 1925. After a period of depression due to political pressure and personal problems, Gamper committed suicide on 30 July 1930.
After that, many managers (over 60) changed even some of them managed the team two different periods, for example, Jack Greennwell and Jack Dumby. The followings are a few of the most important FC Barcelona coaches of all time.
Johan Cruyff is one of the best coaches that Barcelona has ever had. He was a Dutch former player and coach, born on 25 April 1947. He worked from May 1988 to May 1996 and brought 11 honors to the team. The current honors and titles given to Barcelona is because of Cruyff.
He was the longest serving coach and the most successful. He managed the team to four Spanish Leagues in a row from 1991 to 1994. It was with him aboard that the club won their first Champions League trophy in the FC Barcelona history.
When he was a player himself, he won the Ballon d’Or three times. So, he was not unfamiliar with the joy and concept of trophies. In total he won 11 trophies and titles for the team during his time of management.
It is said that there’s basically a Barcelona before and one after Joan Cruyff. If it wasn’t for his influences on the club, it wouldn’t be here. In his last two seasons, however, he couldn’t win any trophies which made him fail. After he was departed from the club, he vowed not to coach ever again.
Next person is Pep Guardiola. He is the definition of legendary in Barcelona club history. He is a Spanish former footballer and current manager. He was born on 18 January 1971. He signed the contracts in June 2008 and made the team something extraordinary.
In his second season, Barcelona won the League again but this time with the record 99 points. In just two season Guardiola made the team, a dream team. They were in good places both in La liga and the Champions League. They were only one point behind the first place.
He had the most honors any manager has brought to the club. 3 La Liga, 2 Copa del Rey, 3 Supercopa de Espana, 2UEFA Super Cup, and 2 FIFA Club World Cup, in total 14 honors. He left the team in 2012 and started managing Bayern Munich in 2013. He is currently the manager of Manchester City.
The third most influential manager to introduce in the history of Barcelona football club as the successful manager of the club is Ferdinand Daucik. He was born on 30 May 1910 in Austria-Hungary. He managed the team from June 1950 to July 1954. In that time, the club was already at its peak.
During his four seasons of management, Daucik won two La Liga in a row in addition to Copa del Rey doubles in 1952 and 1953. He brought 5 other trophies to the club in 1952 including: La Liga, the Copa del Rey, the Copa Latino and the Copa Eva Duarte. In total he brought 8 trophies.
He also managed Athletic Bilbao and Athletico Madrid. After his death, a book was published about his time in Barcelona with the title, “Útek na lavičku Barcelony” (Escape to the Bench of Barcelona). The book was published in 2017 by the football author Mojmír Staško.